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Kyrgyzstan

  • Constitution of Kyrgyzstan1, 1993
  • Constitution of Kyrgyzstan2, 2010

The 1993 Constitution of Kyrgyzstan states in its 35th Article that “citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic have the right to a healthy, safe environment and to compensation for damage caused to one’s health or property by activities in the field of utilizing nature. The protection of the environment, natural resources and historical monuments is the sacred duty of every citizen.”

The Constitution of 2010 states in its 3rd Article that:
1. “Everyone shall have the right to environment favorable for life and health.
2. Everyone shall have the right to compensation of damage to health or property resulting from actions in the area of nature management.
3. Everyone should care for the environment, flora and fauna.”

The Kyrgyz Republic Law on Environmental Protection, 1991, sets “for the necessary fundamentals of legislation to preserve natural and environmental conditions and guarantee the intelligent use of natural resources.” The Preamble of the text also recognizes the rights of future generations as following: “the increasingly strong impact of human activity on nature and the increasing exploitation of natural resources have made it necessary for the state to take measures to secure the intelligent use of these resources with a view to the needs of present and future generations and to create a habitat meeting man’s physical and spiritual requirements.”
Last, the Programme Environment Knowledge for Change of the UNEP published a report on the state of the environment in Kyrgyzstan, available at: http://enrin.grida.no.





1. The previous Constitution of Kyrgyzstan, 1993, is available at http://aceproject.org/ero-en/regions/asia/KG/kyrgyzstan-constitution-1993-2007/at_download/file (unofficial English translation)
2. The current draft Constitution of Kyrgyzstan is available at http://www.wipo.int/wipolex/en (only in Russian), the database of the World Intellectual Property Organization