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Antigua and Barbuda

  • The Constitution of Antigua and Barbuda, 1981

In the Constitution of 19811, environment and natural resources are mentioned in Chapter I “The State and the Constitution”, Article 9 “Protection from Deprivation of Property”, Section 4, Paragraph a vii.
“Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of subsection (1) of this section-
a. to the extent that the law in question makes provision for the taking of possession or acquisition of any property, interest or right-

vii. for so long as may be necessary for the purposes of any examination, investigation, trial or enquiry or, in the case of land, for the purposes of the carrying out thereon of work of soil conservation or the conservation of other natural resources or work relation to agricultural development or improvement (being work relating to such development or improvement that the owner or occupier of the land has been required, and has without reasonable excuse refused or failed, to carry out),
and except so far as the provision or, as the case may be, the thing done under the authority thereof is shown not to be reasonably justifiable in a democratic society;”. Environmental protection and the right for a healthy environment are not explicitly mentioned in the Constitution.
More information regarding environmental protection can be accessed through the Environment Division of the Ministry of Agriculture and the Environment’s website.






1. The current Constitution of Antigua and Barbuda can be obtained through the official government’s website.