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Greece

  • Constitution of Greece, 1975

The Constitution of Greece1, 1975, with its amendments, sets the basis of Greek environmental protection policies. Article 24 states that “the protection of the natural and cultural environment constitutes a duty of the State and a right of every person”. The State is bound to adopt special preventive or repressive measures for the preservation of the environment in the context of the principle of sustainable development.

The Greek environmental policy is influenced by EU environmental policy. The Environmental Protection Law (1650/86), in harmonization with EU regulation has as priorities how to manage environmental protection. The Law provides description of protected areas, national parks, aesthetic landscapes, and areas of significant biodiversity and ecological value.

Greece Ministry of Environment promotes the adaptation of a new development model that focuses on people and addresses their real needs. Key priority is to provide responsible policies that will address the security challenges of the 21st century and ensure a better quality of life for every citizen. The three key priorities for Green Growth are climate & energy, the changing patterns of production and consumption and the conservation of natural resources, priorities all related to the mission of the newly founded Ministry of Environment, Energy and Climate Change.

Information on Greece environmental legislation can be accessed through the Government’s official website.





1. The Constitution of the Hellenic Republic is currently available in its English version here