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Denmark

  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Denmark, 1894

The Danish Constitution1 does not provide for environmental protection or sustainable development.

A range of international environmental conventions is the framework for the Denmark’s emvironmental legislation. Cooperation within the EU is a central part of Danish environment policy since many environmental problems are trans-boundary. A number of international conventions such as the Aarhus convention, Basel conventions, the Geneva convention. Protocols are therefore the central work of much environmental cooperation. These conventions are either global or regional depending on the nature of the environmental problem they address.

The 1999 Danish Environmental Protection Act’s purpose is “to contribute to safeguarding nature and environment, thus enabling a sustainable social development in respect for human conditions of life and for the conservation of flora and fauna.”

“The objectives of this Act are in particular:
1) to prevent and combat pollution of air, water, soil and subsoil, and nuisances caused by vibration and noise,
2) to provide for regulations based on hygienic considerations which are significant to Man and the environment,
3) to reduce the use and wastage of raw materials and other resources,
4) to promote the use of cleaner technology, and
5) to promote recycling and reduce problems in connection with waste disposal.”

The Danish vision of sustainable development is based on 8 objectives and principles reflecting the areas where there is a special need for Denmark to work at achieving sustainable development:
1. A developed welfare society and growth decoupled from environmental impact.
2. A safe and healthy environment with a high level of protection
3. Securing a high degree of biodiversity and protection of eco-systems
4. An efficient use of resources
5. Coordinated action at international level
6. Account for environmental concerns at all levels
7. Markets must support sustainable development
8. Shared responsibility and measuring progress

Information on Denmark's environmental legislation can be accessed through the Government’s official website.





1. The Constitution of Denmark, 1849, with its amendments until 1953, is available here.