The 59th article of The Constitution of the Kingdom of Cambodia (1993) is dedicated to environmental issues and natural resources and states that “the State shall protect the environment and the balance of natural resources and establish a precise plan for the management of land, water, airspace, wind, geology, ecological systems, mines, oil and gas, rocks and sand, gems, forests and forestry products, wildlife, fish and aquatic resources.”
The Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resource Management, 1996’s purposes are:
- “to protect [and] promote environmental quality and public health through the prevention, reduction, and control of pollution;
- To assess the environmental impact of all proposed projects prior to the issuance of a decision by the Royal Government;
- To ensure the rational and sustainable conservation, development, management, and use of the natural resources of the Kingdom of Cambodia;
- To encourage and enable the public to participate in environmental protection and natural resource management;
- To suppress any acts that cause harm to the environment.”
More information about environmental law in Cambodia are provided through the Food and Agriculture Organization Legal Office’s website.