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Lao People's Democratic Republic

  • Constitution of Lao People’s Democratic Republic, 1957
  • Constitution of Lao People’s Democratic Republic1, 1991

Article 17 of the Constitution of 1991 states that “all organisations and citizens must protect the environment and natural resources: land, underground, forests, fauna, water sources and atmosphere.”

The Environmental Protection Law, 1999, “specifies necessary principles, rules and measures for managing, monitoring, restoring and protecting the environment in order to protect public, natural resources and biodiversity, and to ensure the sustainable socioeconomic development of the nation.” Its 5th Article sets the basic principles of environmental protection in the country:
“The basic principles of environmental protection are:
1. environmental protection shall be the priority consideration, and environmental mitigation and restoration are considered to be less preferable, but also important activities;
2. The national socio-economic development plan shall include provisions to protect the environment and natural resources;
3. all persons and organizations residing in the Lao PDR shall have an obligation to protect the environment;
4. whoever causes damage to the environment is responsible for the impact under the law;
5. natural resources, raw materials and energy shall be used in an economical manner, which minimizes pollution and waste and allows for sustainable development.”

Environmental legislation and information regarding environmental policies in Lao People’s Democratic Republic are available on the Water Resources and Environment Administration’s official website.





1. The current Constitution of Lao People’s Democratic Republic with its amendments until 2003 is available here