The Kiribati Independence Order, admitted as the Constitution of Kiribati, contains the following provisions regarding natural resources and environment:
“Article 8 […] (2) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section- (a) to the extent that the law in question makes provision for the taking of possession or acquisition of any property-(vii) for so long only as may be necessary for the purposes of any examination, investigation, trial or inquiry or, in the case of land, the carrying out thereon - (A) of work of soil conservation or of conservation of other natural resources; […]”
14 “[…] (3) Nothing contained in or done under the authority of any law shall be held to be inconsistent with or in contravention of this section to the extent that the law in question makes provision- […] (b) for the imposition of restrictions on the movement or residence within Kiribati or on the right to leave Kiribati of persons generally or any class of persons that are reasonably required in the interests of defence, public safety, public order, public morality, public health, environmental conservation or in fulfilment of the international treaty obligations of Kiribati; […]”
The Environment Act, 1999, aims to “comply with and give effect to regional and international conventions and obligations relating to the environment; to provide for the protection, conservation and use of the environment; to promote sustainable development; to control, manage and regulate hazardous substances; to promote the conservation and sustainable use of biological diversity; and to protect, conserve and promote heritage.”
For further information on environmental legislation in Kiribati, please access the Environment and Conservation Division’s website.