The Constitution of the Republic of Gambia1, 1997, addresses environmental preservation. Article 3 of the 1997 Gambian Constitution states that environmental preservation will be ensured by an Act of the National Assembly. In addition, Chapter XX, under Economic Objectives, obliges the State to pursue a policy of environmental protection for future generations. The chapter also names environmental protection and conservation as a citizen duty.
The National Environment Management Act, first passed in 1987 and amended in 1994, is Gambia’s framework environmental legislation. It creates the National Environment Agency (NEMA) and establishes the legal framework for its operations. NEMA gives every citizen the duty to protect the environment and inform the Agency of damaging activities. It also gives every Gambian the right, through the Attorney General’s Chamber, to take legal action to protect the environment.
The Ministry of Forestry and the Environment works for the sustainable management and utilization of Gambia’s natural resources in order to preserve the integrity of eco-systems for future generations.
Gambia’s Environmental Quality Standards Board has developed a series of parameters and criteria for air and water along with techniques to measure and monitor them. These environmental standards are the benchmark for measuring the quality of Gambia’s natural environment.
Additional information on environmental legislation in Gambia can be accessed through the official websites of the National Environment Agency and the Ministry of Forestry and the Environment.