Cameroon’s amended Constitution of 1996, in its Preamble, states that every person has the right to a healthy environment and the duty to protect it. The State ensures the protection and improvement of the environment.
After the Rio Convention of 1992, Cameroon created the Ministry of Environment and Forestry, which was later divided into two separate entities: the Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife and the Ministry of Environment and Protection of Nature. Previous regulations were revised and new legislation pertaining to forest and other natural resource management was adopted.
The Environmental Management Act of 1996 addresses the protection of the atmosphere, soil, water, and coastal zones, among others. It also develops the National Environmental Management Plan which details strategies and actions for environmental protection and resource management. The Plan focuses on land use, sustainable natural resource management, and degraded land restoration and soil improvement. The Act also establishes the National Fund for the Environment and Sustainable Development to provide financing for environmental assessments, conduct research, and carry out local initiatives aimed at protecting the environment.
The Ministry of Forestry and Wildlife manages these respective sectors and aims to ensure their sustainable exploitation. It also undertakes conservation actions in an effort to practice sustainable biodiversity management.
Additional information on environmental legislation in Cameroon can be accessed through the official website of the Ministry of Environment and Protection of Nature.