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Norway

  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Norway , 18141

The Constitution of the Kingdom of Norway states in its 110th Article that "every person has a right to an environment that is conducive to health and to natural surroundings whose productivity and diversity are preserved. Natural resources should be made use of on the basis of comprehensive long-term considerations whereby this right will be safeguarded for future generations as well. In order to safeguard their right in accordance with the foregoing paragraph, citizens are entitled to be informed of the state of the natural environment and of the effects of any encroachments on nature that are planned or commenced. The State authorities shall issue further provisions for the implementation of these principles."

The Nature Conservation Act, 1970, states in its Section 1 that:
"Natural habitats and the wild flora and fauna (the natural environment) are national assets that must be protected. Nature conservation means the management of natural resources on the basis of the close interdependence between mankind and nature, and the need to maintain the qualities of the natural environment for posterity. Every person must show consideration and care in his contact with the natural environment. Any disturbance of or intervention in the natural environment should only take place on the basis of long-term, all-round management of natural resources, which takes into account the preservation of the natural environment in the future as the basis for human activity, health and well-being."

Norway also adopted in 2003 the Environment Information Act, relative to the right to information regarding the environment and the right to participate in decision-making processes affecting the environment. The Act aims at ensuring general access to and maximum dissemination of information regarding the environment in the public and private sector.

Acts and regulations providing for environmental protection in Norway are available here, on the Ministry of the Environment's website. The Ministry also publishes report on the state of the environment. The 2010 report, which provides complete information regarding environmental protection in Norway, can be accessed here.

Regulations on environmental protection in Norway can be accessed through the Food and Agriculture Legal Office's website.





1. The current Constitution of Norway is available in English with its amendments until 1992 on the private non-profit organization Constitution Society's website