Zimbabwe's Constitution1, 1979, makes a reference to environmental conservation in its Article 16B in the context of property and land use. No specific article or clause provides for environmental protection.
The Environmental Management Act of 2002 establishes the Environmental Management Agency, formerly known as the Department for Natural Resources. The Agency is mandated with developing environmental management plans, regulating and monitoring environmental impact assessments. The Act also addresses environmental quality standards and impact assessments as well as conservation and improvement of the environment. Mainly, the law affords every person the following rights :
- "Right to live in a clean environment that is not harmful to their health
- Access to environmental information
- Right to protect the environment for the benefit of present and future generations
- Right to participate in the implementation of legislation and policies that prevent pollution, environmental degradation and sustainable management and use of natural resources while promoting justifiable economic and social development."
Environmental legislation existed before 1992. The 1941 Natural Resources Act was the first text in favor of Nature protection and all the main following laws about environmental protection can be found through the Food and Agriculture Organization Legal Office's website.
In 1997, the Government of Zimbabwe (GoZ) published an Environmental Impact Assessment Policy and related guidelines with the intention of paving the way for future environmental management legislation.
Additional information on legislation and other environmental fields can be accessed through the websites of the Zimbabwe Environmental Law Association and the Ministry of Environment and Tourism.