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Viet Nam
  • Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1946)
  • Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam (1960)
  • Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1980)
  • Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam1 (1992)

The Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam of 1992 provides the following articles related to environmental protection:

“Article 29 All State offices, armed forces units, economic establishments, social organisations and every citizen have to observe State regulations on the appropriate utilisation of natural resources and on environmental protection. All acts resulting in depletion and destruction of the environment are strictly prohibited.”

“Article 112 The Government has the following duties and powers: […] 5) To take measures to protect the legitimate rights and interests of citizens and create conditions for them to exercise their rights and fulfill their obligations, take measures to protect property and the interests of the State and society, to protect the environment.”





1. The English translation of the Constitution of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam is available on the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam’s website.