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Nepal
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1951
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1959
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1962
  • Constitution of the Kingdom of Nepal, 1990
  • Interim Constitution of Nepal1, 2007

The Interim Constitution of Nepal of 2007 brings two articles on environment, related to the rights of citizens and also the responsibility of the State.

Article 16. Right relating to environment and health: (1) Every person shall have the right to live in a healthy environment.

Article 35. Policies of the State: 5) The State shall make such arrangements as may be required to keep the environment clean. The State shall give priority to the prevention of adverse impacts in the environment from physical development activities, by increasing the awareness of the general public about environmental cleanliness, as well as to the protection of the environment and special safeguard of the rare wildlife. The State shall make arrangements for the protection of, sustainable uses of, and the equitable distribution of benefits derived from, the flora and fauna and biological diversity.

The Environment Protection Act 2053 (A.D. 1997) of Nepal states in its Preamble that : “whereas, it is expedient to make legal provisions in order to maintain clean and healthy environment by minimizing, as far as possible, adverse impacts likely to be caused from environmental degradation on human beings, wildlife, plants, nature and physical objects; and to protect environment with proper use and management of natural resources, taking into consideration that sustainable development could be achieved from the inseparable inter-relationship between the economic development and environment protection”.

More information regarding environment protection is available through the Ministry of Environment’s website.





1. The English version of the Constitution of Nepal is provided by the Nepal Law Commission's website.